Definitions

Bullying
is a single significant act or a pattern of acts by one or more students directed at another student that exploits an imbalance of power and involves engaging in written or verbal expression, expression through electronic means….that:

  • has the effect or will have the effect of physically harming a student, damaging a student’s property, or placing a student in reasonable fear of harm to the student’s person or of damage to the student’s property;
  • is sufficiently severe, persistent, or pervasive enough that the action or threat creates an intimidating, threatening, or abusive educational environment for a student;
  • materially and substantially disrupts the educational process or the orderly operation of a classroom or school; or
  • infringes on the rights of the victim at school.

The conduct is considered bullying if it exploits an imbalance of power between the student perpetrator and the student target through written or verbal expression or physical conduct; and interferes with a student's education or substantially disrupts the operation of a school.


Cyberbullying
bullying that is done through the use of any electronic communication device, including through the use of a cellular or other type of telephone, a computer, a camera, electronic mail, instant messaging, text messaging, a social media application, an Internet website, or any other Internet-based communication tool.
Sexual Harassment
Sexual harassment of students is conduct that is so severe, pervasive, and objectively offensive that it can be said to deprive the target of access to the educational opportunities or benefits provided by the school.

Sexual harassment does not include simple acts of teasing and name-calling among school children, however, even when the comments target differences in gender.
Dating Violence
Dating violence occurs when a student in a current or past dating relationship uses physical, sexual, verbal or emotional abuse to harm, threaten, intimidate, or control the other person in the relationship. Dating violence may also occur when a person commits these acts against a person in a dating relationship with an individual who is or was in a relationship with the person committing the offense. For purposes of this policy, dating violence is considered prohibited harassment if the conduct is so severe, persistent or pervasive and intentional that the conduct:

 

  • affects a student’s ability to participate in or benefit from an educational program or activity, or creates an intimidating, threatening, hostile or offensive educational environment; or
  • has the purpose or effect of substantially or unreasonably interfering with the student’s academic performance; or
  • otherwise adversely affects the student’s educational opportunities.

 


Discrimination
Discrimination against a student is defined as conduct directed at a student on the basis of race, color, religion, gender, sexual orientation, national origin, disability or on any other basis prohibited by law, which adversely affects the student.
Hazing
Any intentional, knowing, or reckless act occurring on or off the campus of an educational institution directed against a student, by one person alone or acting with others, that endangers the mental or physical health or the safety of a student for the purpose of pledging, being initiated into, affiliating with, holding office in, or maintaining membership in any organization whose members are or include other students.
Bystander
A student is considered a bystander when he or she observes or hears about bullying behavior. The goal is for the bystander to become an ally, who supports the target; a confronter, who challenges the aggressor; a reporter, who brings the incident to the attention of those who can help; or a distractor, who de-escalates a situation by doing something funny, random or off-topic.

 

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